The Reichstag Fire


On February 27, 1933 at around 9 pm, pedestrians
reported the sound of glass breaking near the Reichstag building. Shortly after, fire would engulf the entire
building. It would take fire engines many hours to extinguish
the flame. This event became known as the Reichstag fire. The Reichstag fire destroyed the debating
chamber and the gilded dome, the dome that covers the center of the Reichstagbuilding. This caused over 1 million dollar in damage. At the scene of the crime, a dutch council
communist, who goes by the name Maruis Van der Lubbe was apprehended. In the eyes of many Germans, it seems like
the communists were finally starting their violent uprising. In the weeks leading up to the fire, German
policemen and Nazi stormtroopers conducted raids on communist headquarters. From those raids, they would falsely accuse
the communists of planning a public attack. Hitler and his Nazi partners would continue
that trend by claiming the Reichstag fire was done by communists, eventhough there was
no concrete evidence supporting such claims. He managed to persuade German president Paul
Von Hindenburg that the communists were planning a violent uprising, and that an emergency
legislation was needed. That emergency legislation was the Reichstag
Fire Decree or the Decree of the Reich President for the Protection of People and State. It was implemented one day after the fire. The decree suspended the right to assembly,
freedom of speech, freedom of the press and other constitutional protection, including
all restraints on police investigation. It allowed the Nazi regime to arrest and imprison
any political oppenents, to dissolve political organization, and to confiscate private property. The decree gave the Nazi regime authortiy
to overrule state and local laws and ovethrow state and local governent. In one day, the Nazis managed to disassemble
free press, political rights and human rights. Their propaganda struck fear and terror into
many Germans, who now viewed Hitler as their saviour against the communist uprising. Within months the German free press was destroyed,
just to be replace by a Nazi own press publication. The Reichstag fire decree allowed Hitler to
raid and arrest his political opponents, leaving no opposition for his Enabling act. The Enabling Act of 1933 gave legislative
powers to the Reich cabinet and allow the Reich cabinet to bypass the Reichstag. The Enabling Act and the Reichstag fire decree
combined to transform Hitler’s government into a dictatorship. And we all know what happened next. The Reichstag fire is a flashpoint in history,
where Adolf Hitler through propaganda took advantage of the public fear of communism
in order to gain power. It set the stage for the rise of Nazi Germany
and the horrors that followed. Even today, the cause of the Reichstag fire
is still attributed to Maruis Van der Lubbe. But it wouldn’t surprise me if Hitler planned
the fire. It just seems way too convenient but that’s
just my opinion. If you enjoy the video, please like and subscribe. See you next time.